Typically nests in snags in open riparian or oak woodland at low elevations east of Cascade crest. In Kittitas County, no "confirmed" BBA records but one "probable" and one "possible" from Colockum Wildlife Area adjacent to Columbia River. After close of atlas period, another bird observed repeatedly along Old Vantage Highway during 2003 and 2004 nesting seasons. Northernmost confirmed nesting just north of our area near Wenatchee in Chelan County. Has also nested along Umtanum Road just south of Kittitas County line in Yakima County. Fairly common in Washington only in Klickitat County.