Common and ubiquitous throughout, ranging from coastlines to subalpine forests. Utilizes residential neighborhoods, city parks, and gardens. Forages in shrub-steppe if nesting trees nearby. Easily most common woodpecker in four-county area, and one of most widespread species overall. Washington breeders represent "red-shafted" race C.a. cafer (Smith et al. 1997), but a few breeding birds occasionally show intergrade "yellow-shafted" characteristics.