Breeds throughout, although somewhat locally. Greatest densities in dry, open forests, farm- and rangelands, and shrub-steppe of Kittitas County. Fairly common in forests and valleys of west slope of Cascades from foothills to middle elevations, but rare or absent in high, humid montane forests on both sides of Cascade crest north of Snoqualmie Pass. In Puget Trough lowlands, uncommon in Kitsap and Island Counties but absent from western King County. However, reports from metropolitan zone increasing since close of BBA period. Pair nested in Kirkland (suburban King County) in 2003.